Database of Arab Name Variants
D A N

قاعدة بيانات الأسماء العربيّة


©2004-2012 The CJK Dictionary Institute, Inc.


1. Overview


Our comprehensive Database of Arab Names (DAN), which currently covers approximately 3 million entries, consists of Arabic personal names and name variants mapped to the original Arabic script with a large variety of supplementary information. Please see our detailed document describing this database, as well as our Expanded OFAC database of full name variants of Arab names on OFAC's SDN List.

Please see the official announcement for more details about DAN.


DAN is based on authoritative resources and has undergone extensive proofreading and expansion based on about 25 million names derived from a large variety of sources, including websites, corpora, books, dictionaries, phone books, and encyclopedias.

As an example of our ongoing expansion work, we have recently added numerous variants of the 99 names of Allah, which now total tens of thousands. For example, Al-Rahim "The Most Merciful One," which is combined with Abd as in Abd-al-Rahiim (عبدالرحيم), has many variants like Abdelraheem, Abd ar-Raheem, Abdul Rahim, Abd al Raheem, Abderrahim (click here for a partial list). In addition, as shown in the table of variants for محمود Mahmoud below, we have greatly expanded the number of romanized spelling variants. For example, the Arabic long vowel و /uu/ can be spelled in various ways, while the consonant د /d/ can sometimes be spelled as t rather than the normal d.

Variants of محمود
NoVariantWeb frequency
1 Mahmoud 0020400000
2 Mahmud 0005770000
3 Mahmood 0004050000
4 Mahmut 0003780000
5 Mehmood 0000685000

Click here for full list of 69 variants.

2. Practical Applications

Processing and normalizing names and their numerous variants useful in a variety of real world applications, such as:

  1. Information Retrieval (IR), such as query processing by search engines.
  2. Named Entity Recognition (NER) and information extraction.
  3. Machine Translation (MT), as for transcribing unknown proper nouns.
  4. Anti-money laundering (AML) and fraud detection by financial institutions.
  5. Security applications such as criminal watch lists and retail fraud.
  6. Cyber security applications such as for preventing identity theft.
  7. Law enforcement applications including most-wanted lists and deportation lists.

Since DAN includes a large number of spelling variants (some names have thousands of variants), it is of special interest to security agencies and security applications such as anti-money laundering, making it easy to find names of criminals spelled in a multitude of ways (e.g., Usama bin Ladin, Osama ben Laden, Osama bin Laden, etc.). To achieve this goal more effectively, we have expanded the database to cover the Arabic names listed in the OFAC (Office of Foreign Assets Control) list, along with their orthographic variants that goes well beyond the OFAC list. This is a list of individuals and organizations that pose a threat to foreign policy and/or national security of the US that plays a major role in financial institutions and security agencies throughout the world.

3. Data Sample

The sample below shows small excerpts of some popular names found in DAN. The fields shown here contain the following data:

  1. PRIMARY ID: unique number to identify the Arabic headword
  2. SUB_ID: number identifying the variant(s) of the headword
  3. ARABIC: The Arabic headword in Arabic script
  4. TYPE: name classification code (M=Male, F=Female, S=Surname, P=Place
  5. TRANSLITERATION: The Arabic headword in Buckwalter transliteration. For details, see our website for ARAN (Automatic Romanizer of Arabic Names).
  6. ENGLISH: one of multiple (often thousands) of English transcriptions (variants)
  7. JAPANESE: one of possibly multiple Japanese transcriptions (for reference).


IDSUB_IDArabicTYPE Buckwalter
Transliteration
English
variant
Japanese
variant
N01500aمحمدMmHmdMuhammadムハマド
N01500bمحمدMmHmdMoohammadムハメッド
N01500cمحمدMmHmdMoohamadムハンマド
N01500dمحمدMmHmdMohammadムハマッド
N01500eمحمدMmHmdMohamadマホメッド
N01500fمحمدMmHmdMuhamadモハメッド
N01500fمحمدMmHmdMuhamadモハメド
N01500gمحمدMmHmdMohamedモハメット
N01500hمحمدMmHmdMohammedモハマッド
N01500iمحمدMmHmdMohemmedモハマド
N01500jمحمدMmHmdMohemmedムハマド
N01500kمحمدMmHmdMuhemmed 
N01500lمحمدMmHmdMuhamed 
N01500mمحمدMmHmdMuhammed 
N01500nمحمدMmHmdMoohammed 
N01500oمحمدMmHmdMouhammed 
       
N09347aأسامةM>sAmpOsamaオサマ
N09347bأسامةM>sAmpOssamaオサーマ
N09347cأسامةM>sAmpUsamaウサマ
N09347dأسامةM>sAmpUssamaウサーマ
N09347eأسامةM>sAmp'Usama 
N09347fأسامةM>sAmpOussama 
N09347gأسامةM>sAmpOusamah 
N09347hأسامةM>sAmpOusamma 
N09347iأسامةM>sAmpOussamma 
       
N09347aمعـمرMmEmrMoammarモアマル
N09347bمعـمرMmEmrMuammarモアマール
N09347cمعـمرMmEmrMu'ammarムアマール
N09347dمعـمرMmEmrMu`ammarムアマル
N09347eمعـمرMmEmrMo'ammarモアマル
N09347fمعـمرMmEmrMoammar 
N09347gمعـمرMmEmrMoamer 
N09347hمعـمرMmEmrMoamar 
N09347iمعـمرMmEmrMohamar 
       
N01276aقذافيSq*AfyGadafiカダフィ
N01276bقذافيSq*AfyGadaffiカダフィー
N01276cقذافيSq*AfyGaddafiガダフィ
N01276dقذافيSq*AfyGadhafiガダフィー
N01276eقذافيSq*AfyGhaddafy 
N01276fقذافيSq*AfyGhaddafi 
N01276gقذافيSq*AfyGheddafi 
N01276hقذافيSq*AfyGathafi 
N01276iقذافيSq*AfyKadafi
N01276jقذافيSq*AfyKaddafi 
N01276kقذافيSq*AfyKhaddafi 
N01276lقذافيSq*AfyKhadafy 
N01276mقذافيSq*AfyQadhafi 
N01276nقذافيSq*AfyQadhdhafi 
N01276oقذافيSq*AfyQathafi 
N01276pقذافيSq*AfyQadafi 


Variants of عبدالرحيم
VariantTransliterationArabic
Abd al RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd al RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd al RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd al-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd al-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd al-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd alRaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd alRahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd alRahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd ar RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd ar RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd ar RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd ar-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd ar-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd ar-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd arRaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd arRahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd arRahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd el RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd el RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd el RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd el-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd el-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd el-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd elRaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd elRahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd elRahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd er RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd er RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd er RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd er-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd er-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd er-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd erRaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd erRahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abd erRahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdel RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdel RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdel RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdel-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdel-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdel-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdelraheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdelrahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdelrahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abder RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abder RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abder RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abder-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abder-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abder-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbderraheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbderrahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbderrahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdul RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdul RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdul RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdul-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdul-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdul-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdulraheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdulrahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdulrahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdur RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdur RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdur RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdur-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdur-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
Abdur-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdurraheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdurrahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
AbdurrahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd al RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd al RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd al RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd al-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd al-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd al-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd alRaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd alRahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd alRahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd ar RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd ar RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd ar RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd ar-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd ar-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd ar-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd arRaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd arRahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd arRahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd el RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd el RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd el RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd el-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd el-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd el-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd elRaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd elRahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd elRahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd er RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd er RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd er RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd er-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd er-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd er-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd erRaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd erRahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abd erRahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdel RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdel RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdel RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdel-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdel-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdel-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdelraheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdelrahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdelrahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abder RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abder RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abder RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abder-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abder-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abder-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbderraheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbderrahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbderrahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdul RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdul RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdul RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdul-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdul-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdul-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdulraheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdulrahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdulrahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdur RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdur RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdur RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdur-RaheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdur-RahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'Abdur-RahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdurraheemEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdurrahiimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم
'AbdurrahimEbdAlrHymعبدالرحيم


Variants of محمود
NoVariantWeb
frequency
1 Mahmoud 0020400000
2 Mahmud 0005770000
3 Mahmood 0004050000
4 Mahmut 0003780000
5 Mehmood 0000685000
6 Mahmod 0000138000
7 Mahamud 0000121000
8 Machmud 0000108000
9 Mehmud 0000082400
10 Mahmoed 0000052100
11 Mechmod 0000048000
12 Makhmud 0000042700
13 Machmut 0000006640
14 Mehmut 0000002400
15 Mahmout 0000001280
16 Machmoud 0000001110
17 Makhmut 0000001080
18 Mehmoud 0000000862
19 Mahmot 0000000836
20 Makhmoud 0000000545
21 Machmood 0000000446
22 Mahmuud 0000000423
23 Mehmod 0000000386
24 Mahmuwd 0000000378
25 Machmoed 0000000375
26 Machmot 0000000368
27 Mahmoot 0000000295
28 Mahmoet 0000000153
29 Makhmood 0000000131
30 Makhmout 0000000129
31 Machmout 0000000113
32 Mahmowd 0000000077
33 Mahmuut 0000000076
34 Machmod 0000000075
35 Mehmoet 0000000057
36 Mehmot 0000000054
37 Mechmot 0000000048
38 Mekhmood 0000000047
39 Mekhmoud 0000000040
40 Mehmoed 0000000030
41 Mahhmoud 0000000030
42 Machmuud 0000000029
43 Machmuwd 0000000026
44 Mahhmud 0000000026
45 Mechmut 0000000021
46 Mechmud 0000000020
47 Mahhmut 0000000017
48 Mehmout 0000000014
49 Makhmoed 0000000013
50 Makhmod 0000000010
51 Mehmoot 0000000008
52 Mehmuud 0000000008
53 Machmuut 0000000008
54 Machmoot 0000000007
55 Mechmout 0000000007
56 Machmoet 0000000007
57 Mahhmod 0000000007
58 Mahhmood 0000000007
59 Mekhmud 0000000006
60 Mechmood 0000000006
61 Mechmoud 0000000005
62 Mehhmood 0000000004
63 Mahmowt 0000000004
64 Mekhmout 0000000003
65 Mechmoet 0000000002
66 Makhmoot 0000000002
67 Mekhmut 0000000002
68 Mechmoed 0000000001
69 Mehhmud 0000000001